After this disaster leading master masons from England and France were invited to give their advice on how to rebuild this prestigious metropolitan cathedral, seat of the primate of England and of a flourishing Benedictine monastery and the centre of a growing cult of devotion to St. Thomas a Becket who was murdered in the cathedral in 1170. Romanesque and Gothic Architecture (Analysis, Info etc. The Victorian Gothic Architecture thus, was basically a hotch-potch of early European styles mixed with the introduction of Middle East and Asian influences. Reims Cathedral was the church where the coronations of French kings took place. - Gothic Revival Architecture is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740’s in England but wasn't as known. Angevin  kings brought the Gothic tradition from France to Southern Italy, while  Lusignan  kings introduced  French Gothic  architecture to Cyprus. Kings profited from warfare by gaining land. The Flamboyant Arch is one that is drafted from four points, the upper part of each main arc turning upwards into a smaller arc and meeting at a sharp, flame-like point. With the exceptions of the cathedral of Milan and S Franesco in Bologna, the distinctive characteristic of Gothic in Italy was the rejection of the external flying buttress. In Gothic architecture, a unique combination of existing technologies established the emergence of a new building style. The people of the Renaissance, reading the ancient manuscripts of Latin literature and looking at the ruins of Roman buildings, started a new fashion for imitating the classical style. The folds and wrinkles of garments were shown falling in a natural way. It was completed around 1250. Flag for Inappropriate Content. The earliest documented example of the revived use of England had coarse limestone and red  sandstone  as well as dark green  Purbeck marble  which was often used for architectural features. Originating in 12th century France and lasting into the 16th century, Gothic architecture was known during the period as "the French Style," ( Opus Francigenum ), with the term  Gothic  first appearing during the latter part of the Renaissance. The crietria of articulation becomes more complex through the use of inclined surfaces that produce the visual effect of an undulating space, deeper in the area of the windows which become the protagonists in the search for continuity that characterizes the whole. Among these architects was Villard de Honnecourt, whose sketchbook can still be seen in the National Library in Paris. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. The identifying features of the Gothic Revival style are pointed arch windows, steeply pitched roofs, and ornamental tracery. Those technologies were the ogival or pointed arch, the ribbed vault, and the flying buttress. The style originated in 14th century  Venice  with the confluence of Byzantine styles from  Constantinople , Arab influences from  Moorish Spain  and early Gothic forms from mainland Italy. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The new fashion was approved by the English king and was quickly adopted across the country. Batalha is perhaps the monument that best incarnates the drive for the renewal of teh artistic spirit during the Gothic period. Gothic architecture is a way of planning and designing buildings that developed in Western Europe in the Late Middle Ages.Gothic architecture grew out of Romanesque architecture, in France in the 12th century. ‘The eighteenth century saw Georgian and neo-Gothic architecture, which continued into the nineteenth century when neo-Classical styles arose.’ ‘Moreover, sources within the CTO claim that this century old piece of neo-Gothic structure has not seen maintenance since a long time.’ PowerPoint also gives key words to recognize and describe gargo Gothic Architecture  is a style of architecture that flourished during the high and late Medieval Period. Just as we have fascinating documents by Abbot Sugar describing the construction of the first Gothic building in France in the 1140s, so, by a remarkable coincidence, we have a contemporary account by one of the monks of Canterbury, Gervase, of the ten year building process following the great fire of September 1174 which had largely destroyed the Romanesque choir. During the second half of the 12th century, the abbey at Pontoise and the abbeys of St. Martin-des-Champs, in Paris, and St. Remi, in Reims (Rheims), and the cathedrals of Sens, Noyon, Laon, Senlis, and Soissons were built. Gothic architecture was common in Europe during the Middle Ages. If you assume it's going to cost the earth, TemplateMonster will bust this myth. Gothic architecture started in 12th-century France and lasted for 4 centuries, into the 16th. In the early twentieth century, Gothic Revival ideas were applied to modern buildings and homes in the United States. The PowerPoint PPT presentation: "Gothic Architecture" is the property of its rightful owner. Though, the style did grow very popular in the early 19th century when very devoted admirers of The urban convent although in many sense indebted to Benedictine monasteries, developed an L-shaped layout in which the church and monastic areas flanked a square, used for preaching. Leaves, flowers, conventional patterns, and large statues were carved into the stonework of buildings. Back in Medieval times, this form of building was called ‘the modern style’. But the Gothic style had never really taken root in Italy, the home of Roman architecture. Lancet openings are often grouped, usually as a cluster of three or five. A part of their influence was that they tended to build within towns, unlike the  Cistercians  whose ruined abbeys are seen in the remote countryside. Its vaults soar even higher: nearly 140 feet (42.5m) as compared with 125 (38) at Reims and 120 (36.5) at Chartres. The result of fan ambition to dissolve solid mass into a diagonal polyphony of pinnacled ornament, disappearing imperceptibly in the air like a shimmering heat hare. The word Gothic can sometimes be perceived as gloomy and dark. Perha… All of this was probably a result of the Visconti family’s desire to see itself ranked among the major ruling families in Europe. Sometimes these creatures were grotesque and sometimes they were funny. The flamboyant language found its most successful expression in facades on which it released with exuberant freedom curving and twisting lines, swirling curvilinear and pointed tracery, canopied niches, richly decorated splayed portals, steep gables and crockets. However, it regained its fame between the 18th and 19th centuries, contrasting the neoclassical styles prevalent at the time. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. However, Gothic Architecture is actually magnificent and full of light. Gothic Architecture Gothic Architecture is a pan-European style that lasted between the mid 12th Century and the 16th Century. These elements were emblematic of the Portuguese world and were thus both European and Oceanic; they also allude to developents in the field of navigation and to the geographic discoveries of the Portuguese. He established an archbishopric, a cathedral in 1344, began the New Town and founded the university at Prague in 1348, the first in Garmany. At first it was the neoclassical style of architecture but later, the Victorian Gothic style (also known as Gothic revival) came to dominate the city. Charles IV, an admirer of France, made Prague the capital of the empire and determined that it should be the greatest city in Northern Europe. Here the kings of England were to be crowned and buried. Gothic architecture and Renaissance architecture are both the comprehensive expression of culture in their own times. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Noted as the first Gothic cathedral (it was completed in 1144), this … Romanesque style is characterized by: General Appearance: 1. In the midst of the growth of cities in the medieval world,mendicant – Augustinians, Dominicans, Franciscans – drew attention to the less pleasant aspects of the new social system, promoting reforms to mitigate the inequalities in wealth and also highlighting the dissolute style of life generated by wealth. Gothic Revival, architectural style that drew its inspiration from medieval architecture and competed with the Neoclassical revivals in the United States and Great Britain. Sculpture was used everywhere on Gothic churches. English architects introduced new approaches to space, making use of multiple visual directions and new applications of perspective. Equally innovative is the treatment of thew all which is completely changed the original scheme by giving strong accentuation to the geometric rectangular components that frame the minor elements. Evolution From Romanesque The fantastic visual effects it achieves with its dimensions expanded in width and heigh through the use of a special technologuy, locate the octagon lantern of Ely in the avant garde of contemporary European architecture. Lancet openings may be very narrow and steeply pointed. Its designs were based on forms and motifs […] Exterior is simple, severe 3. Even though the Gothic era roughly lasted two hundred years (12th-14th century), it was long enough to voyage deep into the beautiful and complex world of architecture. Gothic architects did not invent the pointed arch. It was also large, big enough for crowds of the faithful to assemble in an area ithout divisions and without obstacles to acoustics. In Germany, Cologne Cathedral was begun in 1245, but it was not finished for more than 600 years. The plan of the church was divided into square sections called bays. Its designs were based on forms and motifs […] Many people think that it represents the highest development of Gothic style. In addition to reinterpreting these characteristics, however, Gothic architecture also abandoned one key feature of Romanesque architecture: thick walls. As a result, there were but few signs of Gothic forms and techniques in Italy. To support the additional weight of a higher building, buttresses had to be taller and to project more and more from the wall. In general, Gothic architecture featured elements like pointed rather than rounded arches, large stained glass windows, and a strong emphasis on vertical space. It evolved from Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture.It originated in the Île-de-France … Because the diagonal of a square is longer than its side, round arches on the sides of a bay would not be as high as the round arches that spanned the bay diagonally. The area encompassing modern Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Austria, eastern France and much of northern Italy, excluding  Venice , was nominally part of the  Holy Roman Empire , but local rulers exercised considerable autonomy. The gothic structural system thus allowed for a lightenening of mass and afforded greater ease of vertical construction; the overall result was a clear distribution of components. To support the walls, structures called buttresses were built against the outside of the walls. A dense multilayered language that lets pass no opportunity to present the richest and most imaginative decorative themes, 12 th century Cistercian architecture has been definesd as “reduced Gothic” meaning reduced to the technical procedures and to the beginning of new luminous spatial definition that borrows decorative forms from other nonmastic buildings, Some of the buildings made in England around the end of the 12 th century reveal great originality in the interpreation of French models. Work on the cathedral began in 1401, atop the ruins of the city’s main mosque, of which only the great tower of the minaret survives, transformed into a bell tower and known as the Giralda because of its bronze weathervane, a figure of faith made during the Renaissance. It refers to the architecture of the 11th and 12th centuries in medieval Europe to Roman Architecture, based on similarities of forms and materials. Honnecourt thought that the Reims windows were the most beautiful he had seen anywhere--and he had traveled across Europe through Switzerland and Germany and as far as Hungary. It is the product of a king who wanted its architecture to affirm a principle of political legitimization and thus its messsage was directed for the most part outside the country in which it was made. Before revolution, war, and fires did their damage, Gothic cathedrals had contained the greatest quantity of art of one kind ever made. Gothic art even influenced the quite different forms of art of the Byzantine world to the east and the world of Islam to the south. In the early twentieth century, Gothic Revival ideas were applied to modern buildings and homes in the United States. The Gothic style, when applied to an ecclesiastical building, emphasizes verticality and light. The innovative system of the vaults-some stellar and triangular,others with the insertion of flying ribs, or with hanging arches,pendant bosses-creates an arrangement of English origin styles. Just type in your text on each page and that's it! Gothic architecture: an introduction. Italian Gothic Architecture HA Presentation - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Neo-Gothic Architecture: (1905 - 1930) Skyscrapers and churches of the 20th century share many of the same characteristics as early medieval structures. However, Spanish Gothic or rather French Gothic in Spain really beings in the 1220s with the two great cathedrals of Burgos and Toledo.. The finest of the towers in the late style (sometimes called Sondergotik) are those at Strasbour and Ulm and are related to the circle of the four leading German architects working the thirty-year period from 1390 all of whom were indebted to the school of the Parlers. The manueline style is an ecelectic style, and as such it has been interpreted as a pssing phase in the movement toward the arrival in Portugal of the new Reinaissance culture. The work must have been done by the same artists who had worked for Abbot Suger. To this flowering of the Gothic belong the famous French cathedrals of Reims, Amiens, and Beauvais, in the north, while the same style was carried down to the south, through Limoges and Rodez to Narbonne. The entire structure took around 600… Medieval buildings were constructed with vaults--ceilings made by continuous arches of heavy columns. Gothic architecture is a way of planning and designing buildings that developed in Western Europe in the Late Middle Ages.Gothic architecture grew out of Romanesque architecture, in France in the 12th century. It is also the architecture of many castles, town halls, and gargoyles. 1250-1350.It's sometimes also called Curvilinear Gothic… The Equilateral Arch lends itself to filling with tracery of simple equilateral, circular and semi-circular forms. The cathedrals of Laon and Paris, built at the same time from 116- onwards, represent strikingly different interpretations of early Gothic: Laon has an ebullient and picturesque gaiety; Notre Dame a serene gravity. An outstanding example is the crossing tower at Ely, rebuilt in the form of an octagon, a design attributed to the sacristan Alan of Walsingham. It referred, however, to decorative objects as well as to windows. The use of the pointed arch in Europe started very soon after the First Crusade (1099), when Jerusalem was captured from the Muslims. After that, renaissance architecture took the place of Gothic architecture from 15 century until 17 century from Florence, Italy. Of the architectural works in Spain that make use of elements from France and England, none is of greater importance than the cathedral of Seville. Only isolated examples of the style are to be found on the Continent. Designed in 1220 by Robert de Luzarches following the destruction by fire two years earlier of the Romanesque church, the nave Amiens is closely modelled on Reims. Historical Events in the 19th century Thanks for watching. In Northern Germany, Netherlands, northern Poland, Scandinavia, and the Baltic countries local building stone was unavailable but there was a strong tradition of building in brick. The statues were not made just to stand on pedestals and be admired as fine art. It is easy to follow, and it comes with all the design features you need built right in. The support structures arranged along the southern side of the cathedral based on a system of buttresses and double rampant arches with the addition of masonry walls followed a route already well known to French Gothic architecture. Diagonally from corner pier to corner pier, round arches were built. When the flying buttress had been added to the ribbed vault and the pointed arch, all the main parts of Gothic architecture were there. The acceptance of the purely superficial value of the thin wall led Italy toward a design concept parallel to that of the French Gothic but alternative to it with particular emphasis on the sense of perspective depth. Only isolated examples of the style are to be found on the Continent. 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