During times when fruit is not available, this species eats leaves, stems, and bark. A cross river gorilla habitat is a residing place for him. English and French are the major foreign languages of the state while Bekwarra, Bette, Ejagham and Efik are major indigenous languages of this state. However, sightings were recorded during the 1980s, and small numbers of the sub-species were rediscovered in Cameroon and Nigeria on the banks of the Cross River. In the Cross River region, the forests are tropical and subtropical. Select a subject to preview related courses: However, the gorillas' general eating patterns are the same throughout their habitat. A New Hope for the World’s Most Endangered Gorilla. Its capital is Calabar and its name is derived from the Cross River (Oyono), which passes through the state. Cross River is a state in South South Nigeria, bordering Cameroon to the east. The world's rarest gorilla, the critically endangered Cross River gorilla, has significantly more suitable habitat space than previously thought, a new study shows. You can test out of the The gorillas can sometimes be found in lowland forests, but they tend to stay at higher altitudes. The continued fragmentation of Cross River Gorilla habitat across a large, complex area, together with the threat from hunting and the small number of gorillas remaining, has led to its critically endangered status. A 2014 study suggests that there are less than 250 mature Cross River Gorillas left in the wild, making them one of the world’s most critically endangered primates. The gorillas have moved into the higher altitudes to avoid humans, as opposed to living there because of a natural preference for high elevation. They live in mountainous border area between Cameroon and Nigeria at the top of … The inhabited lowlands are a patchwork of farmland (crops, plantations and grassland) and secondary forest, with many villages and a number of roads. The habitat of the Cross River gorillas includes the mountainous forest between Nigeria and Cameroons. It lives in a region between Nigeria and Cameroon, just at the Cross River basin. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? The Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) lives in five small pockets of habitat in an area on the border of Nigeria and Cameroon. Diet Counselor: Job Duties & Career Requirements, Diet Technician Certification and Degree Program Info, Graduate Programs Related to Diet and Health: Degree Options, Difference Between Food Scientist & Nutritionist, Nutritional Psychology Degrees & Programs, Holistic Animal Care Schools: How to Choose, Physical Trainer: Job Description & Career Requirements, Health Education Certification in Illinois, Holistic Dietitian Degree and Certificate Program Information. All rights reserved. Their diet consists heavily of fruit when it is available, and leaves, stems, and bark the rest of the year. (13) There are few records of the historic abundance and distribution of gorillas in this region. (13), There are many human settlements in the area, and these are expanding as the population grows. We are working in collaboration with a wide range of partners in several gorilla range states to both conserve gorilla habitat and populations, as well as help improve the quality of life of local people. The gorillas can sometimes be found in lowland forests, but they tend to stay at higher altitudes. Major threats to the survival of the Cross River Gorilla are habitat loss and fragmentation, hunting, and disease. Gorilla gorilla diehli. The continued fragmentation of Cross River Gorilla habitat across a large, complex area, together with the threat from hunting and the small number of gorillas remaining, has led to its critically endangered status. The Cross River gorilla is a subspecies of the western gorilla. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. 26) The Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) is the least populated of the subspecies. As previously inaccessible forests are opened up by timber companies, commercial hunters gain access to areas where gorilla roam and often use logging vehicles to transport bushmeat to far away markets, as well as sell meat to employees of the logging companies. This may be because they have such a restricted habitat. The animals do not have a lot of space anymore.The cross river gorilla is a great animal and is in need for a new place to stay. It is the most western and northern form of gorilla, and is restricted to the forested hills and mountains of the Cameroon-Nigeria border region at the headwaters of the Cross River. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Reports of sightings imply that the gorillas tend to move to higher ground during the wet season, and come down into the valleys more during the dry season (9). The Cross River Gorilla is a subspecies of the Western Gorilla. The man degrades and reduces their habitat to perform agricultural or farming activities and to build human settlements. Classified as one of two subspecies of western gorilla (the western lowland gorilla being the other), Cross River gorillas inhabit the lowland montane forests and rainforests of Cameroon and Nigeria, an area of 3,000 square miles (7,770 sq km), on the African continent. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Cross River gorillas are found in the mountains, highlands and forests along the border between Cameroon and Nigeria. They also inhabit swampy forests, sometimes reaching an altitude up to 2,000 meters. Number remaining: Fewer than 300. They can be found in lowland areas, but for the most part they stay in higher elevations to avoid contact with humans. Altitude varies from 200 to 2037m, with the gorillas mainly sticking to the inaccessible highlands, where they remain relatively undisturbed (13). How Do I Use Study.com's Assign Lesson Feature? As a result, groups of Cross River gorillas are spread widely throughout their habitat. They are great animals that do a lot with their families including live … first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Visit the Kingdom Animalia: Study Guide & Review page to learn more. This restriction is most likely because humans are more concentrated in the lowland areas. Get access risk-free for 30 days, HABITAT LOSS. It is a subspecies of the western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla), and it is the most endangered of the gorilla subspecies. Gorillas are large creatures, and they require a lot of food. They live in sub-mountain forests at altitudes from 150 to 1,600 meters above the sea level. Every year they have a rainy and a dry season. That means the entire population could fit on a 747 jet with room to spare! Characteristics: The rarest species of great ape in the world, Cross River gorillas are similar in appearance to western lowland gorillas, but have a different shaped skull. THE PROBLEM. Habitat destruction reduces the space and food available to the Cross River gorilla, thus reducing their population. Unfortunately, they are not strong breeders, which makes it hard … Cross River Gorilla habitat covers rough terrain on the Cameroon-Nigeria border that prevents easy observation, with the remaining 11 groups roaming a relatively small area of roughly 3,000 square miles. 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The gorillas are living smaller as … There are less than 300 left in the wild, which makes it a critically endangered species. English and French are the major foreign languages of the state while Bekwarra, Bette, Ejagham and Efik are major indigenous languages of this state. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Did you know… We have over 220 college A major issue facing this species is that their habitat has been broken up. It is, therefore, the subspecies that inhabits the most north and west regions of all. Why is the Cross River gorilla endangered? The Cross River gorilla is a critically endangered ape whose habitat is limited to a remote section of the border between Nigeria and Cameroon.This gorilla was named for the Cross River, a waterway that traverses both countries. Specifically, we're going to take a look at this gorilla's habitat and diet. The Cross River Gorilla is populated at the border between Nigeria and Cameroon, in both tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests. Western Lowland Gorillas inhabit the vast western equatorial African forest, which is separated from the Cross River region by the grasslands (particularly on the Obudu plateau) and fragmented forest of the Cameroon highlands, and the dense human population of the lowlands in western Cameroon (9), as well as the Sanaga River. There is also a strong link between habitat loss and the bushmeat trade. It was named a new species in 1904 by Paul Matschie, a mammalian taxonomist working at the Humboldt University Zoological Museum in Berlin, but its populations were not systematically surveyed until 1987. Cross River is a state in South South Nigeria, bordering Cameroon to the east. (13), Cross River Gorilla Socio-Ecology and Behaviour, Physical Characteristics of Cross River Gorillas. Eastern Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri). Cross River Gorilla. In the Cross River region, the forests are tropical and subtropical. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Cross River Gorilla: Reproduction & Facts, Quiz & Worksheet - Environment of the Cross River Gorilla, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Western Lowland Gorilla: Lifespan & Facts, Western Lowland Gorilla: Population, Threats & Conservation, Western Lowland Gorillas: Habitat & Adaptations, Western Lowland Gorillas: Diet & Behavior, Eastern Lowland Gorillas: Facts, Habitat & Diet, Mountain Gorilla: Facts, Habitat & Characteristics, Mountain Gorilla Food Web: Diet, Prey & Predators, Mountain Gorillas: Life Cycle, Mating & Lifespan, Koko the Gorilla: Biography, Sign Language & Art, Bornean Orangutan: Habitat, Adaptations, Diet & Facts, Biological and Biomedical Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Like all gorilla subspecies, Cross River Gorillas are very social. Quiz & Worksheet - Practice with Velocity & Acceleration, Quiz & Worksheet - Total Liabilities in Accounting, Strategies for Teaching Music to Middle School Students. courses that prepare you to earn Endemicmeans this is the only place in the world they can be found. The Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) lives in five small pockets of habitat in an area on the border of Nigeria and Cameroon. Is There Too Much Technology in the Classroom? Cross River gorillas are forest dwelling creatures. Cross River gorillas are scattered in at least 11 groups across the lowland montane forests and rainforests of Cameroon and Nigeria, an area of 3,000 square miles, or … Cross River gorillas have an extremely limited geographic range. Above 700-800m this becomes sub-montane forest, which itself transforms into montane forest above about 1500m. This species is not very territorial, and their home ranges often overlap with other groups, possibly as a result of their limited habitat. The Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) is a subspecies of western gorilla, and it is the most endangered subspecies of gorilla. To be more specific, small populations are found in the Mbe Mountains in Cameroon, the Afi Mountains of Nigeria, Cross River National Park in Nigeria and Takamanda National Park in Cameroon. All of the water a Cross River gorilla needs comes from its food. Gorillas, when caught as infants, have also been traded as pets. Find out more about specific projects for: Western lowland gorillas; Cross River gorillas; Eastern lowland gorillas; Mountain gorillas Lowland gorillas live in the forests of central and western Africa in Equatorial Guinea, Angola, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. We’ve made 300 beautiful sweatshirts to represent the 300 Cross River Gorillas left in the world, giving 300 people the chance to join the fight for this species. Habitat loss is the main threat to the cross-river gorillas, the local people inhabiting the habitats of cross-river … This space is called the Cross River basin. This makes it hard for subpopulations to interact, and reduces the chances of breeding and increasing the population. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. This is because the area where they live changes more with the seasons than other gorilla habitats. Cross River gorillas travel around their home range to find food, but when they return to a certain spot, they will reuse the nests they previously built. Create your account, Already registered? Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). In Cross River gorilla habitat, researchers are using rugged, hand-held computers that allow them to enter important information such as location of gorilla nest sites, evidence of poaching and logging, and other crucial details. Endemic means this is the only place in the world they can be found. In fact, it is one of the top 25 most endangered primate species in the entire world. There are currently only 200-300 Cross River Gorillas left in the wild, making them the most endangered great ape in Africa. They tend to have redder or greyer fur than eastern gorillas. What Is the Rest Cure in The Yellow Wallpaper? READ MORE: Top 15 Inspirational Animals Rights Activists Female Mountain Gorilla, photo by Bret Love & … Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Large areas of primary forest still remain in this region, but some of the gorillas live within small, fairly isolated pockets. Cross River gorillas are endemic to the Cross River region, a small area on the border of Nigeria and Cameroon in Africa. They do have to travel throughout the habitat to find food. They inhabit west of the Congo River, mainly in lowlands with marshy, coastal and secondary tropical forests, at altitudes of up to 1,600 meters. The gorilla specie lives for 30 to 50 years and the gestation period is 8.5 month after which one baby is born weighing between 3-4 ibis. We are working in collaboration with a wide range of partners in several gorilla range states to both conserve gorilla habitat and populations, as well as help improve the quality of life of local people. Where they live: Nigeria and Cameroon. The cross river gorilla is one among the most critically endangered species in the world which is on the WWF priority species list, with a population of only 200 to 300 left in the wild. Cross River gorillas were thought to be extinct following the 1960s civil war in Nigeria. Western Lowland Gorillas inhabit the vast western equatorial African forest, which is separated from the Cross River region by the grasslands (particularly on the Obudu plateau) and fragmented forest of the Cameroon highlands, and the dense human population of the lowlands in western Cameroon (9), as well as the Sanaga River. The lowland forest is moist, semi-deciduous rainforest. This gorilla is the Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). Cross River Gorillas, like many other gorilla subspecies, prefer a dense forest habitat that is uninhabited by humans. Cross River gorillas are forest dwelling creatures. The Cross River gorilla is separated by about 300 km from the nearest population of western lowland gorillas. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. What do gorillas eat? The Cross River Gorilla was classified as a distinct sub-species in the year 2000. The climate is more strongly seasonal in the Cross River area than that experienced by other gorillas, with a longer, more intense dry season and greater rainfall during the wet season. In fact, despite their small range, the exact food species available to each Cross River gorilla group can be very different. They are herbivores, which means they only eat plants. 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