(+1) 202-419-4300 | Main Members of Gen Z are more racially and ethnically diverse than any previous generation, and they are on track to be the most well-educated generation yet. For Reprints and Permissions, click here. targeting:{ 80% of Gen Z college students say they're voting in 2020 — and they've singled out student debt as their biggest concern Ivan De Luce 2019-08-19T18:18:52Z Larger shares of Gen X voters (37%), Boomers (44%) and Silents (53%) said they plan to support President Trump. magazine_text_322502 = '

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'; By comparison, only one-third of Gen Xers and about one-quarter of Boomers (27%) say this is a good thing. In a March 2020 Pew Research Center survey, half of the oldest Gen Zers (ages 18 to 23) reported that they or someone in their household had lost a job or taken a cut in pay because of the outbreak. But they are more likely to be the children of immigrants: 22% of Gen Zers have at least one immigrant parent (compared with 14% of Millennials). Yes, but: Generation Z is set to make up more than 10% of the 2020 electorate, surpassing the elderly Silent Generation for the first time. }); But Piper became eligible to vote last year, one of about 24 million members of Generation Z who will be able to cast a ballot for a presidential candidate in 2020. And among young adults ages 18 to 22, while 62% of Gen Zers were employed in 2018, higher shares of Millennials (71%) and Gen Xers (79%) were working when they were a comparable age. Log out? Overall, members of Gen Z look similar to Millennials in their political preferences, particularly when it comes to the upcoming 2020 election. This compares with a slightly higher share of Millennials who were living with two parents at a comparable age (66% had two parents in the labor force) and a slightly lower share of Gen Xers (61%). There are also stark generational differences in views of how gender options are presented on official documents. if( magazine_button_bg_color_322502 !='' ){ Sustained pressure from these and other groups pushed the Democratic National Committee to vote on hosting a presidential debate focused exclusively on climate change; DNC membership yesterday rejected the proposal. Inside, the issue of climate change received 21 minutes of airtime, according to InsideClimate News.   ... “I know people our age-many of us weren’t able to vote that time,” said Holroyd, referencing 2016. At the time the lawsuit was filed, Piper and most of his peers weren’t yet old enough to cast ballots. YouTube, Instagram and Snapchat are among teens’ favorite online destinations. Many teens who say social media has had a positive effect say a major reason they feel this way is because it helps them stay connected with friends and family (40% of teens who say social media has a mostly positive effect say this). There are signs that’s changing. 1. Generation Z comprises 32% of the world population, making it the largest cohort. Related Article The evidence from public opinion research now suggests that if the party fails to listen, it will be at its own peril. Gen Zers are slightly less likely than Millennials to be immigrants: 6% were born outside of the U.S., compared with 7% of Millennials at the same age. Despite the long-term aging of registered voters, 2020 marks the first time that many members of Generation Z – Americans born after 1996 – will be able to participate in a presidential election. Some Democratic presidential candidates, including Senator Elizabeth Warren, Beto O’Rourke, and Senator Cory Booker, have been touting their climate platforms. freestar.config.enabled_slots.push({ Most Popular } Copyright (c) 2020 The Nation Company LLC, address the House Select Committee on the Climate Crisis last April, younger generations’ political influence could be significant, analysis of five in-depth surveys conducted between 2017 and 2019, planning a larger strike in mid-September, California and 10 Northeastern states have carbon pricing policies, Progressives Shouldn’t Be Afraid of Fighting Biden’s Nominees, Fighting and Writing Against America’s Forever Wars, How Rural China Became an Engine for Global Consumer Capitalism, The Georgia GOP’s Fight Against Voter Registration. 1 year ago. Here again there are large partisan gaps, and Gen Z Republicans stand apart from other generations of Republicans in their views. Gen Z Hispanics are less likely than Millennial Hispanics to be immigrants, and previous research has shown that second-generation Hispanic youth are less likely to drop out of high school and more likely to attend college than foreign-born Hispanic youth. (Sarah Morris/Getty Images). You can read our Privacy Policy here. var magazine_button_text_322502 = ''; jQuery("#magazine_button_322502 a input").css("background",magazine_button_bg_color_322502); However, the number of Silent generation and older voters is declining, and will likely come in at around 9.5 percent in 2020, which is below the number of Gen Z voters. Perhaps because they are more likely to be engaged in educational endeavors, Gen Zers are less likely to be working than previous generations when they were teens and young adults. Aside from the unique set of circumstances in which Gen Z is approaching adulthood, what do we know about this new generation? Every year, over four million US citizens turn eighteen and gain the right to vote. Only 18% of Gen Z teens (ages 15 to 17) were employed in 2018, compared with 27% of Millennial teens in 2002 and 41% of Gen Xers in 1986. Smaller shares of Gen Xers (39%), Boomers (36%) and those in the Silent Generation (32%) say the same. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. jQuery("#magazine_button_322502").html(magazine_button_text_322502); Among 18- to 21-year-olds no longer in high school in 2018, 57% were enrolled in a two-year or four-year college. Teens have mixed views on whether social media has had a positive or negative effect on their generation. In June, they held a sit-in on the steps of the DNC national headquarters. Generation Z, or Gen Z for short (also known as Zoomers), are the demographic cohort succeeding Millennials and preceding Generation Alpha.Researchers and popular media use the mid-to-late 1990s as starting birth years and the early 2010s as ending birth years. This generational pattern is evident among both Democrats and Republicans. Could their participation finally provide some impetus for politicians to pay attention to climate change? } According to a 2018 Pew Research Center survey, 95% of 13- to 17-year-olds have access to a smartphone, and a similar share (97%) use at least one of seven major online platforms. Pew Research Center surveys conducted in the fall of 2018 (more than a year before the coronavirus outbreak) among Americans ages 13 and older found that, similar to Millennials, Gen Zers are progressive and pro-government, most see the country’s growing racial and ethnic diversity as a good thing, and they’re less likely than older generations to see the United States as superior to other nations.1. By signing up to receive emails, you agree to receive occasional promotional offers for programs that support The Nation's journalism. Historical Amnesia About Slavery Is a Tool of White Supremacy. jQuery("#magazine_text_322502").html(magazine_text_322502); But those differences are sharpest among Republicans: About four-in-ten Republican Gen Zers (41%) think forms should include additional gender options, compared with 27% of Republican Millennials, 17% of Gen Xers and Boomers and 16% of Silents. In Yale’s study, across the political spectrum, young voters ranked climate change among the top 10 issues that would influence their decisions in the 2020 election. “Given the role that the Republican Party has taken over the past 10 years to predominantly be the party of obstruction…they’ve got a real challenge on their hands from a generational perspective,” says Anthony Leiserowitz, director of the Yale Program on Climate Communication. Yup. Combined, these two hold a substantial piece of the voting pie, and therefore hold more power than even they realize. By comparison, Gen Xers and Boomers are about evenly divided: About as many say they would feel at least somewhat comfortable (49% and 50%, respectively) as say they would be uncomfortable. Magazine and a freelance writer based in Seattle. These younger generations are more likely than their older counterparts to say the earth is getting warmer due to human activity: 54% of Gen Z and 56% of Millennials say this, compared with smaller shares of Gen Xers, Boomers and Silents (48%, 45% and 38%, respectively). In 2019, 44% of Gen Zers ages 7 to 17 were living with a parent who had a bachelor’s degree or more education, compared with 33% of Millennials when they were the same age. And young people have been at the forefront of some of the most prominent grassroots organizations tackling the issue, including SustainUS, Avaaz, and 350.org (founded a little over a decade ago by some college friends with author Bill McKibben). By 2020, Generation Z will make up 40% of all US consumers. Here’s Why. Very few across generations say this is a bad thing for society. The biggest generation gaps show up on the right side of the political spectrum: 42 percent of millennial Republicans recognize that climate change is caused by humans, while only 30 percent of conservative boomers do. Click here to log in or subscribe. Millennial voters, similarly, were much more likely to say they plan to support a Democrat in November than Trump (58% vs. 25%). Gen Zers are similar to Millennials in their comfort with using gender-neutral pronouns. There is a similar pattern in views of people of different races marrying each other, with larger shares of Millennials and Gen Zers saying this is a good thing for our society, compared with older generations. But this is the 2020 race, and many “Generation Z” voters will be casting their ballots for the first time. A roughly comparable share of Millennials (69%) lived with two married parents at a similar age, but the shares among Gen Xers and Boomers were significantly larger (72% and 86%). Aviva Chomsky. For those who see the effect of social media as negative, the most common reason cited is that it leads to bullying and rumor spreading (27% of teens who say social media has a mostly negative effect say this). Some voices on the right are also concerned. }else{ 2020 is set to be a huge year in US politics as we approach a highly-anticipated presidential election. Gen Z Republicans are much more likely than older generations of Republicans to desire an increased government role in solving problems. Even as immigration flows into the U.S. have diminished in recent years, new immigrants will join the ranks of Gen Z in the years to come. magazine_button_text_322502 = ''; Views are much more consistent across generations among Democrats and Democratic leaners. 37% of the American electorate will be made up of members of Generation Z and the Millennial generation in the 2020 election. For at least a couple decades, climate change activists have tried to mobilize youth—with the idea that the youngest will see the worst impacts, are the least to blame for the problem, and can thus make a persuasive case about injustice and urgency. My guess is that many of these young kids are consuming copious amounts of information which leads them to become honest critical thinkers. Generation Z influences $600 B in family spending. Still, survey data collected in 2018 (well before the coronavirus outbreak) shows that there are places where this younger generation stands out as having a somewhat different outlook. tn_author: ['madeline-o'], The views of Gen Z mirror those of Millennials in many ways. 1615 L St. NW, Suite 800 Washington, DC 20036 USA tn_keyword: [false], But pollsters and public opinion researchers couldn’t detect evidence that younger demographics on average were more fired up about climate change as a political issue than their elders—until just now. A somewhat smaller share of Millennials (64%) say government should do more to solve problems, and this view is even less prevalent among older generations (53% of Gen Xers, 49% of Boomers and 39% of Silents). (Never mind that California and 10 Northeastern states have carbon pricing policies already in place.). For the most part, however, Gen Zers and Millennials share similar views on issues facing the country. Looking at the relationship American teens have with technology provides a window into the experiences of a significant segment of Generation Z. These youngest Americans have continued and deepened many of the political trends favored by millennials, and they are expected to be almost half non-white. You may unsubscribe or adjust your preferences at any time. So—will Gen Z turn out in 2020? }, In the face of all of this, it is strange that the Democratic National Committee has rejected a debate dedicated to climate change. Across a number of measures, Gen Zers and Millennials stand out from older generations in their views of family and societal change. Meanwhile, the leading edge of Generation Z (people ages 18 to 23 in 2020) is projected to comprise one-in-ten eligible voters, up from just 4% in 2016, when … One-in-ten eligible voters in the 2020 electorate will be part of a new generation of Americans – Generation Z. } if( magazine_button_text_322502 !='' ){ Gen Zers are much more likely than those in older generations to say they personally know someone who prefers to go by gender-neutral pronouns, with 35% saying so, compared with 25% of Millennials, 16% of Gen Xers, 12% of Boomers and just 7% of Silents. Majorities of Gen Zers and Millennials say they would feel “very” or “somewhat” comfortable using a gender-neutral pronoun to refer to someone if asked to do so. They are less likely to drop out of high school and more likely to be enrolled in college. In order to comment, you must be logged in as a paid subscriber. Most won't be able to until later in the 2020s. magazine_button_url_322502 = 'https://subscribe.thenation.com/flex/NA/key/G0EECAT/'; In late July, thousands of activists rallied outside Detroit’s Fox Theatre, where another round of debates was held. In the South, 46% of Gen Zers are non-Hispanic white. Lv 6. What are the factors impacting the important Gen Z vote? In 2018, 36 percent of voters ages 18 to 29 reported voting, up from 20 percent the previous midterm election in 2014. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Still, pluralities of every generation except the Silent Generation say the U.S. is one of the best countries in the world along with some others. According to the Pew Research Center, 1 in 10 eligible voters in the coming election, or about 24 million citizens, belong to Generation Z, the oldest of whom turn 23 this year. In an analysis of five in-depth surveys conducted between 2017 and 2019, the researchers discovered that young people are now significantly more concerned about climate change than their elders. magazine_button_bg_color_322502 = '#dd3333'; Born after 1996, most members of this generation are not yet old enough to vote, but as the oldest among them turn 23 this year, roughly 24 million will have the opportunity to cast a ballot in November. (Jeremy Hogan/Echoes Wire/Barcroft Media via Getty Images), Young women register to vote in September 2018 in Torrance, California. Gen Zers are also more likely to have a college-educated parent than are previous generations of young people. Next month, the UK will hold a crucial general election that could determine the future of Brexit, the NHS, climate action and many other major issues. var magazine_text_322502 = ''; However, activists have insisted that the issue belongs in the spotlight. tn_subject: ['activism', 'climate-ch', 'election-2', 'environmen', 'environmen', 'environmen', 'politics', 'youth'], Some 85% say they use YouTube, 72% use Instagram and 69% use Snapchat. However, few of the people who are most alarmed about climate change (now about 70 million American adults, young and old) actually do something about it. tn_pos: 'rectangle_1', Instead of looking ahead to a world of opportunities, Gen Z now peers into an uncertain future. Among registered voters, a January Pew Research Center survey found that 61% of Gen Z voters (ages 18 to 23) said they were definitely or probably going to vote for the Democratic candidate for president in the 2020 election, while about a quarter (22%) said they were planning to vote for Trump. You can’t expect to extrapolate their voting patterns just by looking at the youth vote … (+1) 202-419-4349 | Fax To submit a correction for our consideration, click here. Republican political strategist Frank Luntz infamously encouraged Republicans to cast doubt on climate science during the George W. Bush administration, but a new memo released this June from his market research firm, Luntz Global Partners, reports that 58 percent of GOP voters under 40 “are more concerned about climate change than they were only one year ago.” During a series of listening sessions with voters, the firm’s researchers “heard real anger that [Republican] leadership has ‘ceded the issue to the Dems [emphasis in original].’” On Twitter, Jason Emert, former chair of the Young Republican National Federation, concurred, writing, “@GOP risk losing a generation,” and the group has said it supports “free market solutions” on climate change. Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World. In some regions of the U.S., Gen Z has already crossed this threshold. This summer, the youth-led Sunrise Movement has been protesting at Democratic National Committee offices around the country—to push the party to take the issue more seriously. With 87% of New Heartland Gen-Zers and 78% of New Heartland Millennials claiming they will vote in the 2020 election, it’s time we all listen up. In the West, only 40% of Gen Zers are non-Hispanic white. Roughly half of Gen Zers (50%) and Millennials (47%) think that society is not accepting enough of these individuals. Just 51% of those in Gen Z state that they are absolutely certain that they will vote in the 2020 election; this shows that Biden’s support in large numbers is not assured. (AP Photo / Steve Dipaola, File). tn_ptype: 'article', About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. Posted on October 25, 2020, at 11:48 a.m. A look at how Gen Z voters view the Trump presidency provides further insight into their political beliefs. But so far the DNC itself has dropped the ball, and the GOP has stopped playing the game altogether. Seattle Times columnist Danny Westneat suggested the subject just wasn’t “ready for prime time” and “hasn’t yet found its footing with the public,” given that some actions on climate change have stalled in blue states like Oregon, which recently failed to pass an initiative that would have put caps on carbon emissions. VIDEO: People in Denmark Are a Lot Happier Than People in the United States. By using this website, you consent to our use of cookies. That has all changed now, as COVID-19 has reshaped the country’s social, political and economic landscape. Gen Zers and Millennials are less likely than older generations to say that single women raising children on their own is a bad thing for society. magazine_text_322502 = '

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'; In their views on race, Gen Z Republicans are more likely than older generations of Republicans to say blacks are treated less fairly than whites in the U.S. today. Still, when it comes to their views on key social and policy issues, they look very much like Millennials. In a Yale survey this past spring, the party’s base, liberal Democrats, ranked the issue of climate change as their third-highest priority (with environmental protection second). There are already signs that the oldest Gen Zers have been particularly hard hit in the early weeks and months of the coronavirus crisis. Fully 43% of Republican Gen Zers say this, compared with 30% of Millennial Republicans and roughly two-in-ten Gen X, Boomer and Silent Generation Republicans. “While I am not a lawyer nor a climate scientist, and I only recently came of voting age,” Aji Piper said with quiet poise as he leaned in to the microphone to address the House Select Committee on the Climate Crisis last April, “I know from studying climate science and living with the consequences of climate change today that my health, my community, and my future—and that of my generation—is at stake.” Four years ago, at the age of 15, Piper joined a group of plaintiffs in a still ongoing lawsuit, Juliana v. United States, that argues that the federal government has violated his generation’s constitutional rights by failing to do anything meaningful to reduce the threat of climate change. Younger generations also share a different view of the U.S. relative to other countries in the world. Minority representation is lowest in the Midwest, where more than two-thirds of Gen Zers (68%) are non-Hispanic white. This compares with 52% among Millennials in 2003 and 43% among members of Gen X in 1987. Of those Gen Zers who are living with two married parents, in most cases both of those parents are in the labor force (64%). The first two Democratic debates for presidential candidates devoted 15 minutes in total to the subject of climate change, out of four hours. In an election campaign, politicians have an opportunity to speak to the public directly, inform it, and influence its feelings and ideas. jQuery("#magazine_button_322502 a").attr("href",magazine_button_url_322502); (+1) 202-419-4372 | Media Inquiries. var magazine_button_bg_color_322502 = ''; Logged in as  By 2020, almost half of them will be eligible to vote in the presidential election, which means their values and opinions will soon begin shaping national politics. 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